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RIASS Redbridge
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A glossary of regularly used terms and phrases related to SENDIASS.


Academies are publicly funded independent schools.

Academies don’t have to follow the national curriculum and can set their own term times. They still have to follow the same rules on admissions, special educational needs and exclusions as other state schools.

Academies get money direct from the government, not the local council. They’re run by an academy trust which employs the staff.

Annual Review

Local authorities must carry out a review of every EHC plan at least once every 12 months

Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG)

CCGs are groups of professionals that work together to commission health services, ensuring there is sufficient capacity contracted to deliver the necessary services to people.

Direct Payment

A payment made directly to a parent or young person to purchase specific services. A direct payment may be made as part of a personal budget so that the parent or young person can buy certain services that are specified in their EHC plan.

EHC Needs Assessment

Local authorities must carry out an EHC needs assessment if they think a child or young person may need an EHC plan. The assessment is a detailed look at what special educational needs the child or young person has and what help they may need in order to learn. It is sometimes called a statutory assessment.

Education Health and Care Plan (EHC Plan)

An EHC plan describes the special educational needs that a child or young person has and the help that they will be given to meet them. It also includes the health and care provision that is needed.

It is a legal document written by the local authority and is used for children and young people who have high support needs.

National Curriculum

The national curriculum is a set of subjects and standards used by primary and secondary schools. It covers what subjects are taught and the standards children should reach in each subject.

Independent Supporter

A person recruited by a voluntary or community sector organisation to help families going through an EHC needs assessment and the process of developing an EHC plan.

This person is independent of the local authority and will receive training, including legal training, to enable him or her to provide this support.

Local Authority

Local authorities are administrative offices that provide services within their local areas. They provide education support and social care services, as well as more general services such as rubbish collection.

Local Offer

The Local Offer, published by every local authority, tells you what support is available for children and young people with special educational needs and/or disabilities, and their families.

It includes information about education, health and care provision. It also gives information about training, employment and independent living for young people with special educational needs and/or disabilities.

Mainstream School

This is a school that provides education for all children, whether or not they have special educational needs or disabilities.


An outcome is the benefit or difference made to an individual as a result of an intervention. It should be personal and not expressed from a service perspective.

it should be something that those involved have control and influence over, and while it does not always have to be formal or accredited, it should be specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time bound (SMART).

When an outcome is focused on education or training, it will describe what the expected benefit will be to the individual as a result of the educational or training intervention provided.

Parent Carer Forum

A Parent Carer Forum is a representative local group of parents/carers of disabled children who work with local authorities, education, health and other providers to make sure the services they plan and deliver, meet the needs of disabled children and families. They have been established in most local authority areas.

Personal Budget

A Personal Budget is money set aside to fund support as part of an Education, Health and Care plan (EHC plan) for a child or young person with special educational needs. It can include funds from Education, Health and Social Care.

Parents of children with an EHC plan and young people with an EHC plan can choose whether or not they wish to have a Personal Budget.

Travel Assistance

Redbridge Council has a duty to provide some assistance with home to school and home to college transport based on a child’s individual needs and circumstances.


  • Councils transport vehicles
  • Independent Travel Training (a 12-week program with the aim of pupil’s being able to travel to and from college independently)
  • Buddy system
  • Mileage claim
  • Travel Warrants

For more information contact SEN & Inclusion Transport Office

SEN Support

SEN support includes any help for children and young people with SEN that is additional to, or different from the support generally made for other children of the same age.

The purpose of SEN support is to help children achieve the outcomes or learning objectives that have been set for them by the school. Schools should involve parents in this process.

Social Care

Social care provides support to children in need in their area.  They carry out a range of assessments to look at what practical help a family may require e.g. parenting support, short breaks etc.

Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator (SENCo)

A SENCo is a qualified teacher in a school or maintained nursery school who has responsibility for co-ordinating SEN provision.

Special School

A special school is a school for students who have special educational needs due to severe learning difficulties, physical disabilities or behavioural problems.

Special schools may be specifically designed, staffed and resourced to provide appropriate special education for children with additional needs.